Raid No. 11
Ipswich did not have to wait long for its second experience of “butterfly” bombs. On Nov 3rd, “Air Raid Message “Red” was received at 16:34 hrs. At 17:30 a lone raider flew over the southern part of Ipswich heading north at a very low altitude and released clusters of small anti-personnel bombs.
The first cluster of bombs fell on edge of a Corporation housing estate on the western boundary of the aerodrome. A second cluster fell around the ARP Cleansing Station and a third cluster fell on amongst private dwellings, finishing on the road at the top of Bishops Hill.
Following the previous attack with these bombs, ARP personnel quickly recognized the type of bombing attack. Again trolley bus wires, electric cables and telephone wires were damaged. Some houses which came into contact with the bombs suffered damage, with holes in walls and roofs. One bomb which exploded against a nine inch wall of a house, about eight feet from the ground made a hole in the wall about the size of a football.
Immediate steps were taken, using loudspeakers, to warn local people of the danger of unexploded bombs. Wardens and Police soon located a few unexploded bombs and a further search the following day resulted in a total of 18 unexploded bombs being located. All were made safe by Bomb Disposal Squads.
Overhead electric cables were repaired the same night and first aid repairs made to property was commenced by Rescue Parties. At first, some families were evacuated from their homes but were soon allowed to return.
There was only one lightly wounded causality, hit by bomb casing fragments.
Raid No. 12
On November 4th, a lone raider, believed to be a Hienkel 111, took advantage of a day of heavy rain squalls and low cloud to mount a daytime attack, dropping a stick 16 HE bombs on the eastern part of Ipswich at 11:20. The plane proceeded from a south to north direction. No “Red” warning was received. There was no obvious target, although bombs did drop within a quarter of mile of Messrs E.R. & F. Turners, Foxhall Road. All the bombs were probably 50 kg.
The bombs fell as follows:
- No’s 1 to 4: In the grounds of “Heathfields”, a Mental Institution.
- No 5: Made a crater, partly in the road to “Heathfields” and partly in the garden of No 41 Dover Road. Windows in “Heathfields” damaged by splinters.
- No 6: Landed in the rear garden of No 21 Dover Road, causing some damage to the property.
- No 7: Exploded in the front of No’s 3 and 5 Dover Road, causing blast damage to the front of both properties.
- No 8: A direct hit on an Anderson Shelter at the rear of No 470 Foxhall Road. It made a large crater, blowing two portions of the shelter over the house into the main road. Blast damage was caused to the windows of several houses.
- No 9: Exploded in the junction of Foxhall Road, Britannia and Dover Road, making a large crater and damaging water and gas mains and sewers. The road was completely blocked to traffic and not reopened until Nov 9th. Some blast damage to windows in nearby houses.
- No 10: Exploded in the bottom of the garden of No 123 Parliament Road, making a crater but causing little other damage.
- No 11: The bomb penetrated the roof of No 97 Parliament Road, at such an angle that it went through the front room and exited the property, finishing in a passage way between that house and No 95. The bomb did not explode and was recovered by a Bomb Disposal Squad four days later. Five neighboring houses had to be evacuated for the four days before the bomb was recovered.
- No 12: Exploded at the back of No 94 Parliament Road making a crater, damaging a few sheds.
- No 13: Dropped on land adjoining No 92 Parliament Road, making a crater.
- No 14: Dropped on an old church hall, which was used as a furniture depository. The building made of timber and corrugated iron was demolished by the explosion.
- No 15: Exploded at the rear of No 112 Freehold Road, making a crater.
- No 16: The bomb exploded under a side wall of No 132 Bloomfield Street, completely wreaking the house. A mother and three children were buried under the rubble. They were all recovered although sadly one of he children, a seven year old boy, was found to be dead. The mother and another boy were slightly wounded while the other child, a girl, was uninjured. These were the only causalities of the raid.
The Chief Constable, ARP Controller, notes that the services performed well and were quickly on the scene despite no warning being received. The area affected was in A Group Area, and Wardens Posts A/5 and A/2. Several days work was required to repair the damaged properties.
Right: Map of Raid No. 12
Raid No. 13
At 15:56, Air Raid Message “Yellow” was received. At about 16:27 a single raider flew low in a westerly direction and machine gunned Ipswich Airport. A few windows in the guardroom were damaged but there were no casualties. No ARP Services were brought into use and the attack passed largely unnoticed.