Ipswich: Raid No 5, 6 & 7 - WW2 Civil Defence and Home Guard - Suffolk
Ipswich - Raid No 5, 6 & 7
An enemy plane crashed on Aug 21st at 18:30 hrs. No other details given.
Raid No. 6
On Sept 14th, Air Raid Warning “Yellow” was received at 14:53 hrs. At about 14:55 a single Junkers 87 appeared over the WNW side of the town flying low. It dropped four heavy caliber bombs, considered to be 250 kg and one oil type incendiary bomb.
The first bombs, one HE and one IB, fell in St Margaret’s Green, the rest in residential areas. It was thought the intended target was the large industrial site occupied by Ransom’s, Sims & Jefferies. A large crater, approx 30’ wide by 8’ deep, was made in the asphalt road surface. A 12” water main and 12” sewer pipe were fractured and an adjoining gas main damaged. Water from the broken main flooded into the gas main and as a result the town’s gas supply was disrupted until about 22:30 hrs. The oil bomb, estimated to be 110 kg, landed outside the factory of Messrs Philips& Pipers. The bomb burst, splashing oil all over the factory wall, the adjacent property, No. 43 Margaret’s Green, but failed to ignite. Wardens were quickly on the scene. Mr. Japhet, “H” Group Warden, residing in Bolton Lane, got a message to Control at 15:05 hrs (time of the bombs landing was 15:02), sent from Military HQ in Garret Hall. Mr. Paterson, Deputy Head Warden and several other Wardens arrived soon after and were able to report the damaged water and gas mains. They supervised the gathering public, even having to prevent smoking in the vicinity, until the police arrived on the scene. People were already standing all over the oil. Fragments of the oil bomb casing were found on the roof of Philips & Pipers and gardens nearby. There were a few minor casualties, cuts, bruises and sprains. About 12 properties were rather badly damaged and 13 with slight damage.
The third bomb exploded on the boundary of Alexandra Park and Black Hamlet opposite No. 106. No’s 106 and 104 Black Hamlet had to have their fronts shored up. Windows were shattered in the area. One person was killed.
The forth bomb exploded in the allotments between Black Hamlet and Cavendish Street. The only damage was to windows in the houses Devonshire Road. Three people were working in the allotments only 50 feet from where the bomb burst, and, although thrown to the ground were otherwise unhurt.
The last bomb dropped in the grounds of No. 9 Rosehill Crescent, which was uninhabited, exploding in a raised border. The front windows were damaged and some minor damage caused in the vicinity by pieces of concrete thrown from the border.
Left: Plot of Raid No.6 on Stadplan von Ipswich - the intended industrial
targets can clearly be seen highlighted in purple. Right: Plot of Raid No.6
on Google Maps.
Above: Summary of Raid No. 6
Raid No. 7
This was described as a minor raid, going almost unnoticed by the public. At 23:35 hrs on Sept 14th, a loud whistling noise was heard followed by a dull thud in the vicinity of Post M8. The Deputy Head Warden, Mr. Westwood, was quickly on the seen and found that a H.E and I.B (Oil type, 110 kg) had been dropped at the Nacton Road entrance to the Eastern Senior Mixed School. Damage was caused to underground electricity cables, some minor damage to Council houses in the vicinity and much glass smashed in the school and oil splashed all over its playground walls.
A second IB was dropped in the SE corner of the playing field and flared weakly, a small crater and large deposit of crude oil splattered over the playing field being the only evidence of its presence. A second HE landed in the Electricity Sports Ground immediately at the back gardens of the houses in Campbell Road. There was some confusion as to the damage, due to a lack of Wardens in the area. Deputy Head Warden Westwood was told that the bomb had landed near the Electric Sub-station but could find no sign of any damage. However Sergt. Cole reported to Control some minor damage to houses in Campbell Road. Deputy Head Warden Westwood was later able to confirm the damage and the Rescue Party arrived the following morning to put right the damage.
The municipal aerodrome, which was nearby, was the obvious target of this raid. No Air Raid Warnings were received for this raid.
Right: Area of Raid No.7 - the intended target,
the aerodrome, is circled.