Ipswich - Raid No 4

At about 22:10 on Tue 11th July 1940, an enemy raider appeared over a housing estate on the eastern side of Ipswich and the north bank of the Orwell. The plane released 18 bombs which fell in a line of about ¾ mile, finishing within a few hundred yards of the petrol tank installation (Shell-Max and B.P) at Cliff Quay. No warning was given and the preliminary caution only received at 22:16.

The bombs landed as follows:

  • Bomb 1: Dropped in the rear garden of No.32 Fletcher Road, making a crater about 12-14 ft in diameter and about 18 ft from the rear of the house. The bomb dropped on the side of an Anderson Shelter, blowing completely out of the garden and onto the shelter in the next garden. The shelter in the garden had the side nearest the blast slightly bent. The bomb blast and flying debris caused damage to tiles and windows of eight houses.
  • Bomb 2 and 3: Fell in the playing field of South Eastern Senior Scholl, making two craters of about 12 to 15 ft.
  • Bomb 4: Dropped in the rear garden of 264 Landseer Road, making a crater of about 15 ft wide. Slight damage to four houses.
  • Bomb 5: Landed against the rear wall of 255 Landseer Road, penetrating below the foundations of the house before exploding and demolishing the rear portion of the house.
  • Bomb 6: Landed at the front of the next house and dropped so it penetrated below the foundations of No. 253 Landseer Road, blowing the front wall out and slightly injuring a man and causing damage to neighboring properties due to blast and flying debris.
  • Bomb 7: Dropped against the side of a house again penetrating below the foundations demolishing the end rooms. Surprisingly, two people in a ground floor room near to the explosion were able to climb out of a window unharmed.
  • Bomb 8: Dropped in the rear garden of No.3 Hayman Road and at the side of an Anderson Shelter. Again the shelter was lifted out of the ground. Slight damage to four other houses and another Anderson Shelter adjacent to the bomb crater had its sides slightly bent.
  • Bomb 9: Dropped in rough grass on the edge of the housing estate. It was a direct hit on a 3’6” concrete sewer pipe, the blast travelling along the pipe and lifting several manholes.
  • Bomb 10: Dropped on a bank doing no damage.
  • Bomb 11: Fell in marshland making a crater 20 to 25 ft wide.
  • Bomb 12: Fell on meadow land.
  • Bomb 13: Fell a few yards further on in a field to bomb no 12, making a crater.
  • Bomb 14: Fell in the same field to bomb no 13, making a very deep crater.
  • Bomb 15: Dropped in a small pond.
  • Bomb 16: Dropped in a small field, making a very deep crater.
  • Bomb 17 and 18: Fell in a wheat field.
    •   Above: Area of raid on Jul 11th 1940. Target obviously the docks / quayside area.

      Considering some of the bombs landed on a housing estate, casualties were considered to be very light. The raid did have an unsettlting affect on residents in the neighborhood as they did not go to bed and were still to be seen wondering around as soon as it was daylight on the following morning. A refuge house was opened up nearby and several people accommodated. Wardens and police were quick on the scene and Rescue Squads carried out ‘first aid’ on buildings to make them safe and also removed furniture and possessions etc from damaged houses.

        Above: Summary of raid on Jul 11th, 1940

      References:

      Air Raid Reports, SRO

Raid No4 map
Group Sector Post Location of Incidents Time of Incident Bombs: Number Size Est crater size UXB Casualties: Killed To Hosp. Other Properties Damaged: Demolished Severely Slight
L various Landseer Road 22:10 18 50 12'x6' nil 9 1 2 25

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